模板方法模式(Template Method Pattern)

模板方法模式(Template Method Pattern)

1.jpg.png



介绍
定义一个操作中的算法的骨架,而将一些步骤延迟到子类中。Template Method使得子类可以不改变一个算法的结构即可重定义该算法的某些特定步骤。


示例
有一个Message实体类,对它的操作有Get()方法,每次Get()之前要使用ValidateUser()方法来检查当前用户是否有权限,获取数据可能在SqlServer数据库中或Xml文件里。(这里先检查用户的权限,再获取数据就是算法的骨架,获取数据延迟到子类中实现)



MessageModel

http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gifusing System;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Collections.Generic;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Text;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
namespace Pattern.TemplateMethod
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockStart.gif{
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif    
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif    
/// Message实体类
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif    
public class MessageModel
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif    {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// 构造函数
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// <param name="msg">Message内容</param>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// <param name="pt">Message发布时间</param>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public MessageModel(string msg, DateTime pt)
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            
this._message = msg;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            
this._publishTime = pt;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
private string _message;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// Message内容
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public string Message
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif            
get { return _message; }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif            
set { _message = value; }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
private DateTime _publishTime;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// Message发布时间
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public DateTime PublishTime
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif            
get { return _publishTime; }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif            
set { _publishTime = value; }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockEnd.gif}
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif


AbstractMessageTemplate

http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gifusing System;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Collections.Generic;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Text;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
namespace Pattern.TemplateMethod
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockStart.gif{
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif    
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif    
/// 模板方法抽象类
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif    
public abstract class AbstractMessageTemplate
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif    {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// UserId
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
protected string _userId;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// 构造函数
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// <param name="userId">UserId</param>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public AbstractMessageTemplate(string userId)
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            
this._userId = userId;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif       
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// 验证用户是否合法
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// <returns></returns>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public virtual bool ValidateUser()
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            
if (this._userId == "admin")
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif            {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif                
return true;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif            }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            
else
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif            {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif                
return false;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif            }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// 获取MessageModel列表
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// <returns></returns>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public abstract List<MessageModel> Get();
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// 模板方法:先验证用户是否合法,再获取MessageModel列表
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// <returns></returns>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public List<MessageModel> TemplateMethodGet()
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            
if (ValidateUser())
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif            {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif                
return Get();
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif            }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            
else
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif            {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif                List<MessageModel> l = 
new List<MessageModel>();
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif                l.Add(
new MessageModel("无权获取", DateTime.Now));
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif                
return l;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif            }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockEnd.gif}
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif


SqlMessage

http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gifusing System;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Collections.Generic;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Text;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
namespace Pattern.TemplateMethod
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockStart.gif{
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif    
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif    
/// Sql方式操作Message
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif    
public class SqlMessage : AbstractMessageTemplate
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif    {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// 构造函数
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// <param name="userId">UserId</param>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public SqlMessage(string userId)
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            : 
base(userId)
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        { 
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// 获取Message
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// <returns></returns>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public override List<MessageModel> Get()
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            List<MessageModel> l = 
new List<MessageModel>();
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            l.Add(
new MessageModel("SQL方式获取Message", DateTime.Now));
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            
return l;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockEnd.gif}
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif


XmlMessage

http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gifusing System;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Collections.Generic;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Text;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
namespace Pattern.TemplateMethod
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockStart.gif{
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif    
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif    
/// Xml方式操作Message
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif    
public class XmlMessage : AbstractMessageTemplate
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif    {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// 构造函数
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// <param name="userId">UserId</param>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public XmlMessage(string userId)
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            : 
base(userId)
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        
/// <summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// 获取Message
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
/// </summary>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        
/// <returns></returns>
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        
public override List<MessageModel> Get()
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif        {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            List<MessageModel> l = 
new List<MessageModel>();
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            l.Add(
new MessageModel("XML方式获取Message", DateTime.Now));
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif            
return l;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif        }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockEnd.gif}
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif



client

http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gifusing System;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Data;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Configuration;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Collections;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Web;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Web.Security;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Web.UI;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
using Pattern.TemplateMethod;
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif
public partial class TemplateMethod : System.Web.UI.Page
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockStart.gif{
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif    
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockStart.gif    {
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        AbstractMessageTemplate m = 
new XmlMessage("user");
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        Response.Write(m.TemplateMethodGet()[0].Message + " " + m.TemplateMethodGet()[0].PublishTime.ToString());
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        Response.Write("<br />");
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        m = 
new SqlMessage("admin");
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        Response.Write(m.TemplateMethodGet()[0].Message + " " + m.TemplateMethodGet()[0].PublishTime.ToString());
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/InBlock.gif        Response.Write("<br />");
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedSubBlockEnd.gif    }
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/ExpandedBlockEnd.gif}
http://www.cnblogs.com/Images/OutliningIndicators/None.gif


运行结果
无权获取 2007-3-13 22:29:55
SQL方式获取Message 2007-3-13 22:29:55